::xslt::compile, ::xslt::extension, ::xslt::security


package require xslt

package require xslt ?3.2?
::xslt::compile doc
ssheet method ?option value...? ?args...?
::xslt::extension addnsuri tcl-namespace
::xslt::security requestdetail

Tcl Namespace Usage



TclXSLT is a wrapper for the Gnome libxslt library that allows an application to perform XSL transformations (XSLT). The package also provides a binding to the XSLT extension mechanism so that XSLT extension may be implemented using Tcl scripts.

Transformation only works with documents created by TclDOM/libxml2.

The TclXSLT package makes extensive use of Tcl objects. Compiled XSL stylesheets are stored as the internal representation of a Tcl object. Source and result documents are accessed via TclDOM's C interface as Tcl objects. This allows the application to cache parsed XML documents and compiled XSL stylesheets for better runtime performance.

Packages and Namespaces

The TclXSLT package defines the xslt package and also a Tcl namespace using that name.



The ::xslt::compile command compiles a stylesheet document. It returns a compiled stylesheet object and also defines a Tcl command to access the stylesheet. This Tcl command may be used to transform XML documents.


set source_doc [::dom::libxml2::parse $XML]
set ssheet_doc [::dom::libxml2::parse $XSLstylesheet]
set ssheet [::xslt::compile $ssheet_doc]
set result [$ssheet transform $source_doc]

NB. It is advisable to use the -baseuri option when parsing the source and stylesheet documents to allow external resources to be resolved.

Stylesheet Command

The stylesheet command created by ::xslt::compile command accesses a compiled stylesheet.

Command Methods

The following command methods may be used:

cget option

Returns the value of an option. See below for the list of valid options.

configure optionvalue

Sets the value of an option. Available options are as follows:


Specifies whether the output being produced by the stylesheet should be idented (or "pretty-printed"). This is usually set by the styesheet's xsl:output element. The result is a boolean value.

This is a read-only option.


This option specifies a Tcl command to be evaluated when a message is produced by the stylesheet. Messages may be produced when the stylesheet detects an error during processing, or when the stylesheet uses the xsl:message element.

It is currently not possible to distinguish between an error message and a message produced using xsl:message.


Specifies the output being produced by the stylesheet. This is usually set by the styesheet's xsl:output element. May have the value xml, html, xhtml, text or an empty string.

If the result is an empty string, then the output method used depends on the type of the result document. If the result document is of type "HTML" (ie. if [dom::node cget $resultdoc -nodeType] returns HTMLdocument), then the html output method should be used. Otherwise the output method to use is xml.

This is a read-only option.


Specifies the name of a channel into which profiling information is written. The channel must have been opened for writing, or an error will be returned when attempting a transformation. Only file channels may be used and only on Unix systems.


Specifies the target URI for the transformation, ie. where the result will be written to. The result document is not written to this URI automatically; the application should write the result document to this URI itself.

Some transformation constructs resolve relative URIs against this URI. For example, a subsidiary result document produced using the document element.

get what

Returns information from the stylesheet. The following values may be used for what:


Returns a Tcl list describing the parameters that the stylesheet accepts. Each member of the list is itself a Tcl list with three members: {name ns select}. name is the name of the parameter, ns is the XML namespace for the parameter and select is the value of the select attribute of the param element, if any (ie. the default value of the parameter). This implementation is not able to return a default value set using the content of the param element.

All stylesheet parameters are returned by this method, including those in included/imported stylesheets. Where more than one parameter is defined with the same name, only the parameter with the highest import precedence is included in the returned list.

transform source "name | value"

Performs an XSL transformation on the given source document. Stylesheet parameters may be specified as name-value pairs. The return result is the DOM token for the result document.

Stylesheet Parameters

Any number of name-value pairs may be specified as arguments to the stylesheet transform method. These are passed as values for parameters in the stylesheet. libxslt interprets the values as XPath expressions, where the context node is the root node for the source document. To pass a value as a string it must be XPath-quoted, for example

set library "Gnome libxslt"
$ssheet transform $source_doc \
	library '$library' \
	author "'Daniel Veillard'" \
	node {/*/Element[3]}

Following is an example of how to use the stylesheet transform method.


set source_doc [::dom::libxml2::parse $XML]
set ssheet_doc [::dom::libxml2::parse $XSLstylesheet]
set ssheet [::xslt::compile $ssheet_doc]
set result_doc [$ssheet transform $source_doc]
set result_xml [::dom::libxml2::serialize $result_doc \
    -method [$ssheet cget -method]]


The ::xslt::extension command is used to manage extensions of the libxslt library. The add is used to register an extension. The remove is used to unregister an extension. See EXTENSIONS for more detail.


The ::xslt::security command is a "call-in" used to manage the security of a stylesheet performing a transformation. The TclXSLT package does not create this command. A stylesheet may need to perform an operation on an external resource, such as reading or writing a file, or opening a network connection. Before performing such an operation, TclXSLT will invoke the ::xslt::security command. It interprets the result of the command as a boolean value, and only if the "true" value is returned will it instruct the libxslt library to continue.

TclXSLT will invoke the ::xslt::security command in a different fashion depending on whether the current interpreter is safe or unsafe.

  • If the current interpeter is unsafe (ie. it is a trusted interpreter) then the command is invoked in the usual manner (see below for arguments). If the command does not exist then the value "true" is the default, ie. the operation will be permitted.

  • If the current interpreter is safe then the command is invoked as a hidden command. This is to ensure that the untrusted script cannot intercept the invocation of the command. If the hidden command does not exist then the value "false" is the default, ie. the operation will not be permitted.

When the ::xslt::security command is invoked two arguments are appended:

::xslt::security requestdetail

This indicates the operation being requested and may have one of the following values:

  • readfile


The TclXSLT package allows an application to bind Tcl scripts to the extension mechanism of libxslt. This means that Tcl scripts may provide the implementation of an XSLT extension element or function. The binding is achieved to associating a Tcl namespace with an XML namespace.

Implementing An Extension

The Tcl application uses the ::xslt::extension add command to register an extension. An XML Namespace for the extension is specified as an argument, along with a Tcl namespace that will provide implementations of extension elements and functions. For example,

::xslt::extension add ::example

Everytime the ::xslt::transform command is executed, a newly-created XSLT engine is initialized. For each registered extension, every procedure in the associated Tcl namespace is defined in the XSLT engine as either an extension element or an extension function. The procedure is defined as an extension function if it has a variable argument list, otherwise it is defined as an extension element. The procedure name is used as the local part of the extension name. For example,

namespace eval example {
    namespace export myfunc myelement

proc example::myfunc {name args} {
    global app
    return $app($name)
proc example::myelement {node} {
    global app
    return $app([dom::libxml2::node cget $node -nodeName])

"myfunc" is defined as an extension function and "myelement" is defined as an extension element.

Extension Functions

The arguments to an extension function are converted to a string value and then passed as parameters to the Tcl procedure.

The return result of the Tcl procedure becomes the return value of the extension function. The type of the result is preserved where possible, otherwise it is converted to a string value.

Extension Elements

Extension elements have not been implemented in TclXSLT v3.2.

Using An Extension

To invoke an extension in an XSL stylesheet, use the normal XSLT extension mechanism. The XML Namespace matches the extension to the registered Tcl namespace (NB. the stylesheet author is free to choose any prefix for the extension namespace). For example,

<xsl:stylesheet version='1.0'

  <xsl:template match='/'>
    <xsl:text>Result of calling extension is "</xsl:text>
    <xsl:value-of select='eg:myfunc("foo")'/>


This stylesheet would result in the following Tcl script being evaluated:

::example::myfunc foo